【無料で練習!】英語長文練習 Part 2(大学受験・高校生・英検対策)



Climate change is one of the most pressing issues of our time, with far-reaching implications for the environment, economy, and society. The Earth’s climate is changing due to human activities such as burning fossil fuels, deforestation, and industrial processes, which release greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. These gases trap heat, leading to global warming and a wide range of impacts, including rising sea levels, more frequent and severe weather events, and disruptions to ecosystems and agriculture.

Efforts to address climate change include mitigation strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation measures to cope with its effects. Mitigation actions include transitioning to renewable energy sources, improving energy efficiency, and implementing policies to limit emissions from transportation and industry. Adaptation measures focus on building resilient infrastructure, protecting vulnerable communities, and promoting sustainable land use practices.

International cooperation is crucial in addressing climate change, as it is a global issue that requires coordinated action from all countries. The Paris Agreement, adopted in 2015, aims to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. The agreement outlines commitments from participating countries to reduce emissions and enhance climate resilience.

Despite these efforts, significant challenges remain in combating climate change. Political barriers, economic interests, and social inequalities often hinder progress towards meaningful action. However, the urgency of the climate crisis demands collective action and innovative solutions to ensure a sustainable future for generations to come.


  1. Which international initiative plays a crucial role in combating climate change?
    A) World Trade Organization
    B) Paris Agreement
    C) International Labour Organization
    D) United Nations Security Council
  2. Which of the following is an example of the impact of climate change?
    A) Volcanic eruptions
    B) Astronomical phenomena
    C) Population growth
    D) Melting of polar ice
  3. What is a primary cause of global warming?
    A) Forest conservation
    B) Use of natural energy sources
    C) Emission of greenhouse gases
    D) Recovery of marine ecosystems
  4. As part of efforts to combat climate change, the use of renewable energy sources is being promoted. Which of the following is included as a renewable energy source?
    A) Coal
    B) Natural gas
    C) Solar energy
    D) Nuclear power



  1. 問題1の答え:B) Paris Agreement
  2. 問題2の答え:D) Melting of polar ice
  3. 問題3の答え:C) Emission of greenhouse gases
  4. 問題4の答え:C) Solar energy






Question 1: 気候変動対策の一環として重要な役割を果たす国際的な取り組みは次のうちどれですか? A) 世界貿易機関 B) パリ協定 C) 国際労働機関 D) 国際連合安全保障理事会

Question 2: 気候変動による影響の一例として、以下のうちどれが挙げられますか? A) 火山噴火 B) 天文現象 C) 人口増加 D) 極地の氷の融解

Question 3: 地球温暖化を引き起こす主な原因は次のうちどれですか? A) 森林保護 B) 自然エネルギー利用 C) 温室効果ガスの排出 D) 海洋生態系の回復

Question 4: 気候変動対策の一環として、再生可能エネルギー源の利用が推進されています。再生可能エネルギー源には以下のうちどれが含まれますか? A) 石炭 B) 天然ガス C) 太陽光 D) 原子力


  1. implications – 影響、意味合い
  2. deforestation – 森林破壊、森林伐採
  3. greenhouse gases – 温室効果ガス
  4. adaptation – 適応、順応
  5. resilience – 強靭さ、回復力
  6. coordinated – 調整された、組織的な
  7. commitments – 約束、契約
  8. significant – 重要な、かなりの
  9. obstacles – 障害、妨げ
  10. urgency – 緊急性、緊迫感


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